The prestigious
prize "Enrico Fermi" has been awarded starting from 2001,
to commemorate the great scientist on the occasion of the centenary of his birth.
The prize is yearly awarded to one or more Members of the Society who particularly honoured
physics with their discoveries. A commission made of experts appointed by SIF,
CNR, INAF, INFN, INGV, INRIM and Centro Fermi (Museo Storico della Fisica e Centro Studi e Ricerche "Enrico
Fermi") selects the winner(s) among a
list of candidates and sends the proposal to the Council of SIF for final approval.

The Italian Physical Society awards for the year 2015 a prize of EUR
30.000,00 (thirty thousand euros).

The prize will be conferred during the Opening Ceremony of the 101st
National Congress of the Italian Physical Society that will be held in
Rome on September 21st, 2015.

## Enrico Fermi Award 2015

The 2015 "Enrico Fermi" Prize of the Italian Physical Society has been jointly awarded to Toshiki TAJIMA and Diederik S. WIERSMA per i loro contributi innovativi e di grande impatto nello studio dei fenomeni di interazione della luce con materia e particelle / *for their innovative and high-impact contributions to the study of phenomena dealing with the interaction of light with matter and particles. *

In particular to:

Toshiki TAJIMA

Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Irvine, CA, USA
per l'invenzione della tecnica di laser-wakefield-acceleration le cui numerose e fondamentali applicazioni interdisciplinari vanno dalla scienza degli acceleratori, alla fisica dei plasmi e all'astrofisica / *for the invention of the laser-wakefield-acceleration technique which led to a large number of fundamental and interdisciplinary applications ranging from accelerator science to plasma physics and astrophysics*

Diederik S. WIERSMA

LENS e Università di Firenze

per la prima osservazione della localizzazione di Anderson e dei fenomeni anomali di trasporto descritti dalla statistica di Lévy nel quadro delle sue ricerche altamente originali sulla propagazione della luce in mezzi disordinati / *for the first observation of Anderson localisation and of anomalous transport phenomena described by Lévy statistics in the framework of his highly original research on light propagation in disordered media*

# List of winners

## Enrico Fermi Award 2014

- Winner
- Federico FAGGIN
- Citation
- For the invention of the MOS silicon gate technology that led him to the realization in 1971 of the first modern microprocessor.

## Enrico Fermi Award 2013

- Winners
- Pierluigi CAMPANA, Simone GIANI, Fabiola GIANOTTI, Paolo GIUBELLINO, Guido TONELLI
- Citation
- for the outstanding results that the five large international collaboration experiments at the CERN LHC collider – LHCb, TOTEM, ATLAS, ALICE, CMS – have achieved during the first period of LHC data taking under the successful guidance of the awardees as spokespersons.

## Enrico Fermi Award 2012

- Winners
- Roberto CAR, Michele PARRINELLO
- Citation
- For the discovery of a Molecular Dynamics method known the world over as the Car-Parrinello method. This method has been a breakthrough in the field of numerical simulations, with great impact in many interdisciplinary contexts both theoretical and experimental, ranging from Material Science to Chemistry and Biology

## Enrico Fermi Award 2011

- Winners
- Dieter HAIDT, Antonino PULLIA.
- Citation
- For their fundamental contribution to the discovery of the weak neutral currents with the Gargamelle bubble chamber at CERN.

## Enrico Fermi Award 2010

- Winners
- Enrico COSTA, Filippo FRONTERA.
- Citation (Astrophysics)
- For the discovery of the X-ray afterglow of Gamma-Ray Burst with the BeppoSAX satellite.

- Winner
- Francesco IACHELLO.
- Citation (Nuclear Physics)
- For his contribution to the theory of atomic nuclei and, in particular, for the discovery of a rich variety of dynamical symmetries and supersymmetries.

## Enrico Fermi Award 2009

- Winners
- Dimitri NANOPOULOS and Miguel Angel VIRASORO.
- Citations
- For the relevance of their theoretical results in the study of global and local symmetries in field and strings theories. To Dimitri Nanopoulos for the discovery of fundamental phenomenological properties of grand unification and superstring theories. To Miguel Angel Virasoro for the discovery of an infinite-dimensional algebra of primary importance for the costruction of string theories.

## Enrico Fermi Award 2008

- Winners
- Giulio CASATI, Luigi LUGIATO and Luciano PIETRONERO.
- Citations
- For their fundamental theoretical results in the field of complex systems. To Giulio Casati for his understanding of the relationship between classical and quantum chaos also in relation to quantum computing. To Luigi Lugiato for the discovery of instability-driven structures in non linear light-matter interactions. To Luciano Pietronero for demonstrating the onset of fractal shapes in a variety of self-organizing phenomena.

## Enrico Fermi Award 2007

- Winners
- Milla BALDO CEOLIN, Ettore FIORINI and Italo MANNELLI.
- Citations
- For their fundamental experimental results in the field of weak interactions. To Milla Baldo Ceolin for her outstanding works on K-meson and neutrino physics. To Ettore Fiorini for his contribution to the discovery of weak neutral currents and to the study of solar neutrinos. To Italo Mannelli for the demonstration of direct
*CP*symmetry breaking in the K-meson decay.

## Enrico Fermi Award 2006

- Winners
- Giorgio CARERI and Fortunato Tito ARECCHI
- Citations
- For their pioneering contributions to the knowledge of coherence phenomena in matter and radiation. To Giorgio Careri for the discovery of quantum vortices in superfluid helium. To Fortunato Tito Arecchi for the first experimental demonstration of the statistical properties of coherent radiation.

## Enrico Fermi Award 2005

- Winners
- Sergio FERRARA, Gabriele VENEZIANO and Bruno ZUMINO
- Citations
- For their discoveries that significantly contributed to the development of modern theories of Gravity. To Sergio Ferrara for his contribution to the discovery of the theory of Supergravity. To Gabriele Veneziano for his discovery of Dual Models, subsequently acknowledged as the theoretical basis for a string theory of Quantum Gravity. To Bruno Zumino for his contributions to Supersimmetry and Supergravity theories.

## Enrico Fermi Award 2004

- Winner
- Massimo INGUSCIO
- Citation
- For his contributions to the study of atomic Bose-Einstein condensates, in particular for the realization of degenerate quantum mixtures of bosons and fermions, and the invention of new experimental techniques that allowed him to obtain the first Bose-Einstein condensation of
^{41}K atoms.

## Enrico Fermi Award 2003

- Winners
- Nicola CABIBBO, Raffaele Raoul GATTO and Luciano MAIANI
- Citations
- For their fundamental contributions to the theory of weak interactions. To Nicola Cabibbo for his theory of down- and strange-quark mixing in weak decays, in which the well-known parameter called "Cabibbo angle" plays a key role. To Raffaele Raoul Gatto for his pioneering works in the field of strange-particle weak decays and for his role of leader in this fundamental field of subnuclear physics. To Luciano Maiani for having introduced, together with S. Glashow and J. Iliopoulos, the so-called GIM mechanism which, predicting the existence of the fourth quark, allowed to solve the problem of flavour-changing neutral currents.

## Enrico Fermi Award 2002

- Winner
- Giorgio PARISI
- Citation
- For his contributions to field theory and statistical mechanics, and in particular for his fundamental results concerning the statistical properties of disordered systems.

## Enrico Fermi Award 2001

- Winner
- Antonino ZICHICHI
- Citation
- For his discovery of the first example of nuclear antimatter (the antideuteron) and for his works that paved the way to the discovery of the charged heavy lepton.

# Gallery